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Table 6 Actors, roles, and their value propositions described in the Danish electricity business ecosystem (modified from (ENTSO-E 2018; Energinet 2020a))

From: Business ecosystem architecture development: a case study of Electric Vehicle home charging

Actor Role Value proposition
Electricity producer Electricity producer Generate electricity
Sell the electricity generated at the plant into the electricity markets
TSO Transmission system operator (TSO) Operate the transmission grid
Security of supply
Ensuring the balance between consumption and generation
Market operator Set the framework for a well-functioning electricity market
Ensures fair prices for both consumers and producers
Promotes climate-friendly energy solutions
DSO Distribution system operator (DSO) Own the electricity networks from the transmission grid to the consumers.
Operate the network tasks, such as the connection of new customers, specification of electricity consumption, development and maintenance of the physical plants
Responsible for a number of ad hoc tasks, such as re-establishment of live cables that have been damaged and establishment of live cable at new plants
Metered data collector Measure consumption and generation of electricity in their grid area
Collect, validate, send, and receive meter data can be delegated to independent metering point administrators
Tax payment responsible Responsible for payment of electricity taxes to SKAT (central Danish tax administration) of the amount of electricity consumed in the grid area.
BRP for consumption BRP for consumption Buy and sell electricity at the Nord Pool Spot market on behalf of electricity suppliers and plant owners
BRP for production BRP for production On a daily basis, submit plans to Energinet regarding the electricity expected to be generated and consumed in the next 24 h by the producers and customers
BRP for trade BRP for trade
Are financially responsible to Energinet for imbalances between expected and actual generation and consumption on the day of operation. The cost of the imbalance is invoiced by Energinet to the balance responsible players who are responsible for the imbalances
Electricity supplier Electricity retailer The customers’ primary contact with the electricity system
Responsible for customer information in DataHub is correct (e.g. electricity suppliers register the changes of customers and changes to customer relations at metering points)
Buy electricity through a balance responsible party at Nord Pool Spot or directly from plant owners and sell it to the customers.
Are obliged to supply all household customers with electricity with a payment
Collect payment for both consumption, duties, tariffs, and transport at the customer in one single invoice
Pay DSOs for transporting electricity to the customers and to transmit meter data for settlement purposes. Register payment for consumption on the metering points into the DataHub
Electricity consumer Electricity consumer Buy electricity from the electricity supplier.
Pay consumption including all duties and taxes, subscriptions, tariffs, etc. to the electricity supplier.