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Table 13 The interactions between actors and objects in Danish EV home charging minimum viable business ecosystem

From: Business ecosystem architecture development: a case study of Electric Vehicle home charging

From actor/object Role Interaction content Color code Role To actor/object References
TSO DataHub responsible Maintains and operates DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Transmission system operator Sends TSO and PSO tariffs DataHub DataHub
DSO Distribution system operator Sends subscription, fees, and tariffs DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Maintains and operates Distribution system Distribution grid
Meter operator Operates and maintains Metering point Meter for consumption (Energinet 2021)
Sends metered and settlement data DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Electricity supplier Electricity retailer Pays distribution network tariffs Distribution system operator DSO (Energinet 2019b)
Sends consumers’ information update DataHub Data Hub
Pays transmission network tariffs Transmission system operator TSO (Energinet 2019b)
Send electricity bill with consumption and tariff information Electricity consumer Domestic consumer (Energinet 2019b)
Domestic consumer Electricity consumer Sends consumption data Metering point Meter for consumption (Energinet 2019b)
Has a supply contract with Electricity retailer Electricity supplier (Energinet 2020a)
Pays for consumed electricity, duties, tariffs, and transport Electricity retailer Electricity supplier (Energinet 2021)
Electric vehicle user Owns EV Electric vehicle Electric vehicle  
Sends charging decisions Charging control
(Note: Charging decision via app or manual plug-in)
Charging-box (True Energy 2020)
Pays subscription fee Service provider Charging-box supplier (Clever 2020b)
Charging-box Charging control Sends charging decisions Electric vehicle Electric vehicle (Clever 2020b)
Sub-meter Sends EV consumption data Service provider Charging-box supplier (Clever 2020b)
Sends EV consumption data Metering point Meter for consumption  
Charging point Transports electricity Electric vehicle Electric vehicle (Clever 2020a)
Sends EV consumption data Sub-meter Charging-box  
Charging-box supplier Service provider Maintenance and software update Charging control Charging-box (Clever 2020a)
Pays reimbursement Electric vehicle user
(Note: Reimburse electricity bill for the EV charging)
Domestic consumer (Clever 2020b)
Own charging-box Charging point Charging-box (EVSE.dk 2020)
Own charging-box Sub-meter Charging-box (EVSE.dk 2020)
Distribution grid Distribution system Transports electricity Electricity consumer Domestic consumer (Skovmose 2010)
Metering for consumption Metering point Sends consumer consumption data Meter operator DSO (Energinet 2021)
DataHub DataHub Sends consumption data Electricity retailer Electricity supplier Based on assumption
Sends TSO and PSO tariffs information Electricity retailer Electricity supplier Based on assumption