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Table 12 EV home charging-box suppliers’ value proposition and business models in Denmark

From: Business ecosystem architecture development: a case study of Electric Vehicle home charging

Supplier Charging-box brand Capacity App-controlled Type of purchase Electricity settlement Charging grid in DK Business model Ref.
Clever Clever 3.7, 11, and 22 kW Yes Rent Subscription Clever Subscription (Clever 2020a)
E.ON E.ON 3.7 and 11 kW Yes Rent Subscription OR pay-by-use to electricity supplier E.ON Subscription OR Renting (E.ON 2020)
EV suppliers (e.g. Tesla, Mercedes, etc.) e.g. Tesla 2.3, 3.7, 7.4, 11, 16.5, and 22 kW Yes One-time-payment Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier Tesla as the only one One-time-purchase (Tesla 2020)
FDM FDM 3.7 and 11 kW Yes One-time-payment OR rent Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier None Renting OR retailer (FDM 2020)
The charger APS, ladertilelbil.dk, and Power Easee and NRGkick 1.4 to 22 kW Yes One-time-payment Pay-by-use to electricity supplier None One-time-purchase (thecharger.dk 2020; ladertilelbil.dk 2020; Power 2020)
Thansen N/A 3.7 and 7.4 kW No One-time-payment Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier None One-time-purchase (Thansen 2020)
Proshop Webasto 3.7 to 22 kW No (allow the manual change in power output) One-time-payment Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier None One-time-purchase (Proshop 2020)
Bilka and Føtex Blaupunkt 7.4 kW No One-time-payment Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier None One-time-purchase (Bilka 2020; Føtex 2020)
EVSE.dk Ratio 3.7, 11, and 22 kW No Rent Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier None Renting (EVSE.dk 2020)
Sperto Alfen 3.7 to 22 kW Yes Rent Pay-by-use to an electricity supplier Sperto Renting (Sperto 2020)