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Table 9 The interactions between actors and objects in the Danish electricity business ecosystem

From: Business ecosystem architecture development: a case study of Electric Vehicle home charging

From actor/object Role Interaction content Color code Role To actor/object References
Electricity producer Electricity producer Transports electricity Transmission system operator TSO (Skovmose 2010)
Balance contract with Balance responsible for production BRP for production (Skovmose 2010)
Submits production bids Balance responsible for production BRP for production (Energinet 2011)
Pays for imbalance Balance responsible for production BRP for production Based on assumption
Sends production data Metering point Meter for production (Energinet 2020c)
BRP for production Balance responsible for production Submits production bids Marketplace Wholesale market (Jensen 2010)
Pays for produced electricity Electricity producer Electricity producer based on the assumption of (Energinet 2020a)
Pays for imbalance Transmission system operator TSO (Energinet 2021)
Pays for imbalanced power Transmission system operator TSO (Energinet 2020d)
TSO Transmission system operator Transports electricity Distribution system operator DSO (Skovmose 2010)
Sends TSO and PSO tariffs DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Sends imbalanced consumption data DataHub DataHub Based on assumption
Sends imbalanced production data DataHub DataHub Based on assumption
DataHub responsible Maintains and operate DataHub Datahub (Energinet 2019b)
Market operator Operates market Marketplace Wholesale market (Energinet 2019b)
DSO Distribution system operator Sends subscription, fees, and tariffs DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Maintains and operates Distribution system Distribution grid (Energinet 2019b)
Meter Operator Operates and maintains Metering point Meter for consumption (Energinet 2021)
Sends metered and settlement data DataHub DataHub (Energinet 2019b)
Tax payment responsible Pays tax to SKAT Tax collector SKAT (Energinet 2019b)
BRP for consumption Balance responsible for consumption Sends schedules, notifications and bids Marketplace Wholesale market (Energinet 2020a)
Pays for purchased electricity Marketplace Wholesale market (Jensen 2010)
Pays for imbalance Transmission system operator TSO (Energinet 2019c)
Electricity supplier Electricity retailer Pays distribution network tariffs Distribution system operator DSO (Energinet 2019b)
Pays transmission network tariffs Transmission system operator TSO (Energinet 2019b)
Balance contract with Balancing responsible for consumption BRP for consumption (Energinet 2019b)
Pays for electricity and imbalance Balance responsible for consumption BRP for consumption based on the assumption of (Energinet 2019c)
Sends consumption data Balancing responsible for consumption BRP for consumption based on the assumption of (Energinet 2020a)
Sends consumers’ information update DataHub Data Hub (Energinet 2018)
Send electricity bill with consumption and tariff information Electricity consumer Domestic consumer (Energinet 2018)
Domestic consumer Electricity consumer Sends consumption data Metering point Meter for consumption (Energinet 2019b)
Has a supply contract with Electricity retailer Electricity supplier (Energinet 2020a)
Pays for consumed, electricity, duties, tariffs and transport Electricity retailer Electricity supplier (Energinet 2021)
Meter for production Meter point Sends production data DataHub DataHub Based on assumption
Distribution grid Distribution grid Transports electricity Electricity consumer Domestic consumer (Skovmose 2010)
DataHub DataHub Sends consumption data Electricity retailer Electricity supplier Based on assumption
Sends TSO and PSO tariffs information Electricity retailer Sends TSO and PSO tariffs information Based on assumption
Sends production data Balance responsible for production BRP for production Based on assumption
Wholesale market Marketplace Pays for produced electricity Balance responsible for production BRP for production based on the assumption of (Energinet 2021)
Meter for consumption Meter point Sends consumption data Meter operator DSO (Energinet 2021)
  1. • The day-ahead, intra-day and regulating markets are not shown separately in this table;
  2. • Some producers and electricity suppliers are also BRPs, but they are presented separately in this table;
  3. • This table mainly illustrates the interactions between the main actors and objects, and some actors (e.g. BRPs for trade) and relations (meter for production to DataHub, and BRPs for production to DataHub) are not included
  4. • Electricity production units have costs such as tariffs for their self-consumption, fuel, levies on fuel, and CO2 quotas. These relations are not included