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Table 3 Three types of the common eco-city models

From: A novel model for data-driven smart sustainable cities of the future: the institutional transformations required for balancing and advancing the three goals of sustainability

Type 1 Type 2 Type 3
• Eco-village
• Solar city
• Solar village
• Cohousing
• Eco–City
• Eco–District
• Environmental City
• Green City
• Garden City
• Sustainable Neighborhood
• Living Machines
• SymbioCity
• Carbon Neutral City
• Zero Energy City
• Zero Carbon City
• Low Carbon City
• Ubiquitous Eco–City
• Smart Eco–City
• Data-Driven Smart Eco-City