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Table 4 Results of the DRL and MILP controller compared to the conventional controller

From: Comparative study of algorithms for optimized control of industrial energy supply systems

  DRL A DRL B MILP A MILP B
Energy cost - 52% - 6% - 13% - 3%
Switching cost - 27% - 30% 166% 440%
Temperature cost 78% 682% - 33% 293%
Total cost 33% 56% - 8% 53%
Energy - 50% 38% 17% - 4%
CO2 emissions - 43% 31% 0% 3%