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Table 4 Data-oriented competences of London and Barcelona. Source: Adapted from Nikitin et al. (2016)

From: The emerging data–driven Smart City and its innovative applied solutions for sustainability: the cases of London and Barcelona 

Competences London Barcelona
Analytical centers • Smart City Board • Big Data Center of Excellence
Horizontal information systems • System implemented partially/pilot • City OS
• Sentilo
Training centres and programmes, urban information studies institutes • City Univercity London
• College London
• Tech City Institute
• Institut Municipal d’Informatica