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Table 2 Relevant industry articles/whitepapers discussing blockchain-based energy markets

From: Trading solar energy within the neighborhood: field implementation of a blockchain-based electricity market

Project/ Company Basic idea Market design Status Country Blockchain protocol
Grid+ (Miller et al. 2017) P2P trading of electricity, and controlling activators Different market models possible Development phase US Public blockchain + payment channels (Ethereum, Raiden)
HivePower (Rivola et al. 2018) Platform for P2P trading of renewable energy Different market models possible (e.g. central optimization) Development phase, lab-scale prototype Switzerland Public blockchain + state channels (Ethereum, custom channels)
LO3 Energy (2017), Mengelkamp et al. (2017) P2P trading of solar energy within local community Auction mechanism: Iterative double auction Field phase: local exchange within community in Brooklyn US Private blockchain (Tendermint)
PowerLedger (2017) P2P trading of renewable energy Different market models possible (e.g. central optimization, auction) Development phase Australia Public-private hybrid blockchain (Ethereum, EcoChain)
WePower (2017) P2P trading of renewable energy tokens Auctions mechanism: not further defined Development phase Gibraltar Public blockchain (Ethereum)
  1. Most projects are still in an early development stage