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Table 2 Upper bound on \(\mathbbm {G}_{1}/\mathbbm {G}_{2}\) exponentiations and pairing evaluations in debt accumulation

From: P6V2G: a privacy-preserving V2G scheme for two-way payments and reputation

  Party Offline Online
   \(\mathbbm {G}_{1}\) \(\mathbbm {G}_{2}\) Pairing \(\mathbbm {G}_{1}\) \(\mathbbm {G}_{2}\) Pairing
Part I EVCC 91 82 0 42+ 2v 33 0
  SECC v 0 0 0 0 140+y
Part II UA 240 228 0 4 0 z+9
  SECC 4 0 252+ 2j 3 9 10
  1. Here, \(j := |{\text {\texttt {a}}_{{\lambda }}}|, y := |{\text {\texttt {a}}_{\mathcal {E}}}|, z := |{\text {\texttt {a}}_{\mathcal {C}}}|\) and v:=|blEVCC|