Skip to main content


Table 1 Overview about architecture models and frameworks for e-mobility \(\checkmark \) available, (\(\checkmark \)) partly available (see description), ✗ not/insufficiently available

From: E-Mobility Systems Architecture: a model-based framework for managing complexity and interoperability

Name Basis Scope Structure Allocation Standalone Sector coupling Complexity Red. Req1 Interoperability Anal. Req2 Evaluation
EV Smart Charging Report (for SGAM) (CEN-CENELEC 2015) SGAM Smart Charging of EVs 3 dim. (layers, domains, zones) \(\checkmark \) \(\checkmark \) \(\checkmark \) AC, SC, RU, EP \(\checkmark \) \(\checkmark \) (Case Study)
E-Mobility Architecture Model (EMAM) (Uslar and Gottschalk 2015) SGAM Electric Cars 3 dim. (layers, domains, zones) \(\checkmark \) (\(\checkmark \)) AC, SC, RU (\(\checkmark \))
E-Mobility Information System Architecture (EM-ISA) (Schuh et al. 2013) SGAM, ISA E-Mobility IS 3 dim. (layers, domains, zones) (\(\checkmark \)) \(\checkmark \) AC, SC, RU (\(\checkmark \))
Smart City Infrastructure Architecture Model (SCIAM) (DKE/DIN/VDE 2014) SGAM Smart Cities (Mobility, Energy) 3 dim. (layers, domains, zones) (\(\checkmark \)) (\(\checkmark \)) AC, SC
Interoperability Reference Architecture for E-Mobility (Brand et al. 2015) Enterprise Architecture EV-Grid-Integration 1 dim. (layers) (\(\checkmark \)) \(\checkmark \) AC, SC, RU (\(\checkmark \)) \(\checkmark \) (Inter-views)
  1. AC - abstraction and conceptualization (model-based), SC - separation of concerns (viewpoints), RU - re-usability (standardization and harmonization), EP - reduce complexity of engineering process (guidance, documentation)