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Fig. 5 | Energy Informatics

Fig. 5

From: Increasing the efficiency of local energy markets through residential demand response

Fig. 5

Annual residual peak demand. Figure 5 shows the RPD for the 4 interaction and 3 regulatory scenarios that we consider. Assuming that power consumption is equally distributed per time slot, the maximum residual peak demand depicts the peak power demand from the LEM towards the superimposed grid. In the base case and the trading case the RPD is constant, as it is not influenced by solely virtual trading. However, the objective of DR is decreasing the power peaks. This works best in the microgrid and favorable regulation scenario. The public grid scenario still results in higher RPDs than the microgrid and favorable regulation scenario due to all electricity being procured from the superimposed grid. When trading offers a significant price spread, however, the RPD can be further decreased (see microgrid and favorable regulation scenario). The combination of LEM and DR may reduce the RPD by up to 40%

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